Document Type

Article

Original Publication Date

2016

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Review of Economics of the Household

Volume

14

Issue

4

First Page

829

Last Page

857

DOI of Original Publication

10.1007/s11150-016-9338-9

Comments

Originally published at http://doi.org/10.1007/s11150-016-9338-9

Date of Submission

January 2017

Abstract

Family courts now encourage both parents to maintain contact with their children following separation/divorce, believing this is in the child's best interest. We use geographical distance between non-resident parents and their children to test how such distance is related to educational and behavioral outcomes within a population sample of children from nonnuclear families in Denmark. As this distance is a choice, non-resident parents may choose where to live in part based on expected child outcomes; results that fail to take endogeneity into account will be biased. We use instrumental variable techniques to control for this potential endogeneity. The results indicate educational outcomes are somewhat better for all and behavioral outcomes are at least no worse for girls who live at a greater distance from their non-resident parent. Failing to control for endogeneity seems to bias the results for behavioral outcomes in favor of more proximate parents. Thus, policy efforts to keep separated parents geographically closer for the sake of their children may in fact not be advantageous.

Rights

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Is Part Of

VCU Economics Publications

Included in

Economics Commons

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