Defense Date

2007

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Public Health

Department

Epidemiology & Community Health

First Advisor

Dr. C.M.G. Buttery

Abstract

Background: Screening for breast and cervical cancers is important because early detection increases cancer survival. Since 1991, the U.S. government has helped finance a national early detection program for breast and cervical cancer among uninsured low-income women, known in Virginia (VA) as Every Woman's Life (EWL).Objectives: This study aims to determine whether there are differences in the prevalence of breast and cervical cancer screening based on insurance coverage, assess the prevalence of screening by health district, and evaluate the ability of EWL to effectively reach its target population.Methods: Cross-sectional data from the 2005 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey were analyzed. Using population weights, descriptive statistics were generated and multiple regression was performed to assess the association between insurance coverage and screening prevalence among VA women 40 to 64 years of age (n=1,627). Adjusted screening prevalence by health district was also calculated. EWL client (n=4,959) and provider data from the VA Department of Health was obtained to create screening density maps with Geographic Information Systems.Results: After adjustment, women with insurance were significantly more likely to have a mammogram within the last two years compared to those without insurance (78% vs. 50%, pConclusion: The results of this study will be used to assist EWL in recruitment of additional screening and/or diagnostic sites in underserved areas of Virginia.

Rights

© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

June 2008

Included in

Epidemiology Commons

Share

COinS