Defense Date

2006

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Chemistry

First Advisor

Dr. Todd A. Houston

Abstract

Cell surface carbohydrates play an important role in a wide variety of biological processes such as inflammation, tumor metastasis, and viral and bacterial infection. The goal of our research has been two-fold. The first objective was the synthesis of antimycobacterial compounds. A mannose containing tetrasaccharide from the mannan core of lipoarabinomannan (LAM) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis has been synthesized using α-D-methylmannopyranoside as starting material and Koeings-Knorr reactions to couple saccharides. The synthesis was completed in nine steps and in 14% total yield. This compound should be useful in competitive inhibition studies with macrophages or as an immunological marker. We have successfully synthesized nonsulfated mimics of the aminosterol antibiotic from 5α-cholestan-3-one in two steps in 40-70% total yield. The critical step in this synthesis is the addition of the boronic acid functional group using 2-o-formylphenylboronic acid. It is hypothesized that the addition of boronic acids will improve the antibacterial and anti-angiogenic activity of these compounds. The second objective was the synthesis of a simple fluorescent receptor for simple carbohydrates. A receptor using anthracene as the fluorophore has been completed demonstrating an improved yield over previous methods. This receptor is the first to show selectivity for myo-inositol over other saccharides.

Rights

© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

June 2008

Included in

Chemistry Commons

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