Defense Date

2008

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science

Department

Orthodontics

First Advisor

Dr. Bhavna Shroff

Abstract

Medicaid orthodontic patients have been shown to miss more appointments and break more appliances than self-pay patients, indicating a greater tendency toward non-compliance. Lack of compliance during the post-treatment phase can be detrimental to retention. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is a difference in PAR score changes between Medicaid and non-Medicaid patients during and after orthodontic treatment. PAR scores were determined using study models of 43 Medicaid and 39 non-Medicaid patients before and at the end of active treatment, and 24 Medicaid and 42 non-Medicaid patients at the end of treatment and at an average of 13 months post-treatment. PAR scores generally reduce during treatment and will increase if relapse occurs. Rates of PAR score change during and after treatment were compared between Medicaid and non-Medicaid patients using the Mann-Whitney U-test. The mean initial PAR score was greater in the Medicaid group (31.95 versus 23.28; p=0.003) while there was no significant difference found between the two groups for the end of treatment PAR scores (3.22 versus 2.93; p=0.451). The rates of PAR score improvement during treatment (14.07/year versus 12.14/year; p=0.203) and worsening after the removal of orthodontic appliances (2.04/year versus 2.91/year; p=0.872) were found not to differ between the two groups. It was found that the rate of PAR score improvement during treatment did not differ between Medicaid and non-Medicaid patients. During the post-treatment period, the rate of PAR score worsening was also found not to differ.

Rights

© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

June 2008

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