Defense Date

2008

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science

Department

Mathematical Sciences

First Advisor

McLay Laura A.

Abstract

Cervical cancer is the second most common type of cancer in women worldwide. Because cervical cancer is usually asymptomatic until the disease is in its advanced stages, cervical screening is of central importance towards combating cervical cancer. Alternative screening strategies are evaluated from an economic point of view through cost-effectiveness analysis. In the literature however, studies perform cost-effectiveness analysis on a limited number of de facto or predetermined screening policies. At present, no attempt has been made to construct efficient screening strategies through optimization, before cost-effectiveness analysis is applied. In this study simulation optimization is used to construct efficient screening strategies for cervical cancer by properly timing the screenings. The constructed strategies are highly cost-effective when a small number of lifetime screenings is available, and are more cost-effective than screening strategies used in practice or considered in the literature so far, indicating the value of optimal timing for other screened diseases as well.

Rights

© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

August 2008

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