Defense Date

2009

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science

Department

Human Genetics

First Advisor

Sarah Elsea

Abstract

Smith Magenis Syndrome (SMS) is a multiple congenital anomalies/ mental retardation disorder caused by deletion or mutation of the RAI1 gene on chromosome 17p11.2. The majority of patients with SMS phenotypes have a deletion or mutation of RAI1. However, some patients have been observed with SMS-like phenotypes and yet have no deletions or mutations in the RAI1 gene. One possible explanation could be aberrant methylation of RAI1 since RAI1 is present and yet may be silenced. In order to study this possibility, patient cell lines were treated with 5-Aza-2’-deoxycytidine. RNA was extracted and real-time PCR was used to check the RAI1 expression status on the cells. RAI1 is thought to be a transcription factor, but the DNA binding sequence is still unknown. Sequences from ChIP-chip data were compared to identify a consensus sequence. One gene which contained this consensus sequence was the chemokine-like receptor-1 gene (CMKLR1), which was investigated by luciferase assay. CMKLR1 showed upregulation when co-transfected with RAI1.

Rights

© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

August 2009

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