Defense Date

2009

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science

Department

Biomedical Engineering

First Advisor

Jennifer Wayne

Abstract

The glenohumeral joint is the most dislocated joint in the body due to the lack of bony constraints and dependence on soft tissue, primarily muscles and ligaments, to stabilize the joint. The goal of this study was to develop a computational model of the glenohumeral joint whereby joint behavior was dictated by articular contact, ligamentous constraints, muscle loading, and external perturbations. Validation of this computational model was achieved by comparing predicted results from the model to the results of a cadaveric experiment in which the relative contribution of muscles and ligaments to anterior joint stability was examined. The results showed the subscapularis to be critical to stabilization in both neutral and external rotations, the biceps stabilized the joint in neutral but not external rotation, and the inferior glenohumeral ligament resisted anterior displacement only in external rotation. Knowledge gained from this model could assist in pre-operative planning or the design of orthopedic implants. Use of this model as a companion to cadaveric testing could save valuable time and resources.

Rights

© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

December 2009

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