Defense Date

2010

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Pharmacology & Toxicology

First Advisor

Patrick Beardsley

Abstract

Cocaine dependence is a major health concern worldwide, but despite this high rate of abuse there are currently no approved therapies for cocaine dependence. Replacement pharmacotherapies are one possible approach for treating cocaine dependence, and identification of such therapeutics for cocaine abuse is the long-term goal of this research. Cocaine binds to, and inhibits uptake at the dopamine (DAT), serotonergic (SERT) and noradrenaline (NET) uptake transporters, but studies have shown that cocaine produces its strong behavioural and positive reinforcing effects through inhibition of the DAT. To this end a great number of diverse, non-selective DAT-inhibiting compounds have been investigated as potential cocaine replacement therapies. It was the initial objective of this research to determine whether the behavioral profile of a novel, selective DAT inhibitor, D-84, fit with that thought for an ideal cocaine replacement therapy. Results indicated that D-84 stimulated locomotor activity, incompletely generalized to the cocaine cue in discrimination tests, attenuated cocaine-self-administration and was self-administered. These observations provide a profile consistent, although perhaps not ideal, with one possible treatment strategy for cocaine dependence. Although it is well established that cocaine predominantly produces its abuse-related effects through inhibition of the DAT, recent evidence suggests that inhibition at the SERT may have modulating effects on the pharmacology of cocaine-like compounds. The second part of this dissertation investigated what effects that increasing SERT inhibition had on the cocaine-like behavioural effects of DAT inhibitors, as a method of determining the fruitfulness of incorporating this feature into future drug candidates to improve them. RTI-55 (DAT Ki 2.7 nM SERT Ki 3 nM) and GBR-12909 (DAT Ki 4.3 nM SERT Ki 73 nM) were selected based on their high and intermediate SERT inhibitory effects, respectively. They were compared in behavioural studies with D-84, which is considered to be a selective DAT inhibitor. The results indicated that although increasing SERT inhibition attenuated locomotor activity effects, it had less effect on cocaine-like discriminative stimulus and reinforcing effects, at least with the doses tested

Rights

© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

May 2010

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