Defense Date

2010

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science

Department

Biomedical Engineering

First Advisor

Ou Bai

Second Advisor

Ding-Yu Fei

Third Advisor

Scott Vota

Abstract

This thesis investigated the development of an EEG-based brain controlled switch and the design of a software for nerve conduction study. For EEG-based brain controlled switch, we proposed a novel paradigm for an online brain-controlled switch based on Event-Related Synchronizations (ERDs) following external sync signals. Furthermore, the ERD feature was enhanced by 3 event-related moving averages and the performance was tested online. Subjects were instructed to perform an intended motor task following an external sync signal in order to turn on a virtual switch. Meanwhile, the beta-band (16-20Hz) relative ERD power (ERD in reverse value order) of a single EEG Laplacian channel from primary motor area was calculated and filtered by 3 event-related moving average in real-time. The computer continuously monitored the filtered relative ERD power level until it exceeded a pre-set threshold selected based on the observations of ERD power range to turn on the virtual switch. Four right handed healthy volunteers participated in this study. The false positive rates encountered among the four subjects during the operation of the virtual switch were 0.8±0.4%, whereby the response time delay was 36.9±13.0s and the subjects required approximately 12.3±4.4 s of active urging time to perform repeated attempts in order to turn on the switch in the online experiments. The aim of nerve conduction simulator software design is to create software that can be used by nerve conduction simulator to serve as a medical simulator or education tool to train novice physicians for nerve conduction study test. The real response waveform of 10 different upper limb nerves in conduction studies were obtained from the equipment used in real patient studies. A waveform generation model was built to generalize the response waveform near the standard stimulus site within study interest region based on the extracted waveforms and normal reference parameters of each study and stimulus site coordinates. Finally, based on the model, a software interface was created to simulate 10 different nerve conduction studies of the upper limb with 9 pathological conditions.

Rights

© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

December 2010

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