Defense Date

2012

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science

Department

Pharmaceutical Sciences

First Advisor

Małgorzata Dukat

Abstract

Alpha7 Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are involved in essential physiological functions and play a role in disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease. MD-354 (3-chlorophenylguanidine; 21), the first small–molecule negative allosteric modulator (NAM) at alpha7 nAChRs, served as a lead in developing structure–activity relationships for NAMs at a7 nAChRs. MD-354 (21) also binds at 5-HT3 receptors. Analogs of MD-354 with structural features detrimental to 5-HT3 receptor affinity were evaluated in patch-clamp recordings and an aniline N-methyl analog resulted in a more potent and selective NAM than MD-354. A new N-methyl series of compounds was synthesized in which the 3-position was replaced with different substituents considering their electronic, lipophilic, and steric nature. Comparative studies were initiated to investigate whether or not the MD-354 series and the N-methyl series bind in the same manner; 3D models of the extracellular domain of human alpha7 nAChRs were developed, allosteric sites identified, and docking studies conducted.

Rights

© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

July 2012