Defense Date

2012

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Integrative Life Sciences

First Advisor

John Ryan

Abstract

Anaphylaxis is a rapid, life-threatening hypersensitivity reaction. Until recently, it was mainly attributed to histamine released by mast cells activated by allergen crosslinking (XL) of FcεRI-bound allergen-specific IgE. However, recent reports established that anaphylaxis could also be triggered by basophil, macrophage and neutrophil secretion of platelet activating factor subsequent to FcγR stimulation by IgG/Ag complexes. I have investigated the contribution of Fyn and Lyn tyrosine kinases to FcγRIIb and FcγRIII signaling in the context of IgG-mediated passive systemic anaphylaxis (PSA). I found that mast cell IgG XL induced Fyn, Lyn, Akt, Erk, p38 and JNK phosphorylation. Additionally, IgG XL of mast cells, basophils and macrophages resulted in Fyn- and Lyn-regulated mediator release in vitro. FcγR–mediated activation was enhanced in Lyn-deficient (KO) cells, but decreased in Fyn KO cells, compared to wild type cells. More importantly, Lyn KO mice displayed significantly exacerbated PSA features while no change was observed for Fyn KO mice, compared to wild type littermates. Intriguingly, this work establishes that mast cells account for the majority of serum histamine in IgG-induced PSA. Taken together, these findings establish pivotal roles for Fyn and Lyn in the regulation of PSA and highlight their unsuspected functions in IgG-mediated pathologies.

Rights

© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

August 2012

Included in

Life Sciences Commons

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