Defense Date

2013

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Computer Science

First Advisor

Vojislav Kecman

Abstract

The dissertation introduces Sphere Support Vector Machines (SphereSVM) and Minimal Norm Support Vector Machines (MNSVM) as the new fast classification algorithms that use geometrical properties of the underlying classification problems to efficiently obtain models describing training data. SphereSVM is based on combining minimal enclosing ball approach, state of the art nearest point problem solvers and probabilistic techniques. The blending of the three speeds up the training phase of SVMs significantly and reaches similar (i.e., practically the same) accuracy as the other classification models over several big and large real data sets within the strict validation frame of a double (nested) cross-validation (CV). MNSVM is further simplification of SphereSVM algorithm. Here, relatively complex classification task was converted into one of the simplest geometrical problems -- minimal norm problem. This resulted in additional speedup compared to SphereSVM. The results shown are promoting both SphereSVM and MNSVM as outstanding alternatives for handling large and ultra-large datasets in a reasonable time without switching to various parallelization schemes for SVMs algorithms proposed recently. The variants of both algorithms, which work without explicit bias term, are also presented. In addition, other techniques aiming to improve the time efficiency are discussed (such as over-relaxation and improved support vector selection scheme). Finally, the accuracy and performance of all these modifications are carefully analyzed and results based on nested cross-validation procedure are shown.

Rights

© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

May 2013

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