Defense Date

2012

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Chemistry

First Advisor

Scott Gronert

Abstract

Accumulated evidence indicates oxidative stress plays important roles in disease and aging. Under oxidative stress, lipid peroxidation (LPO) leads to reactive carbonyl species (RCS) that can modify a wide range of biomolecules including protein, DNA and carbohydrate. In this dissertation, we investigate the modification of two model proteins, human serum albumin (HSA) and aconitase (ACO), by the LPO-relevant a, b-unsaturated aldehydes, acrolein (ACR) and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE). The investigation is focused on the characterization and quantification ACR and HNE addition to the model proteins. A correlation between HNE modification and ACO activity is also determined. These results provide insights into the impact of oxidative stress at the molecular level and are relevant to aging and disease states. We finally investigate protein carbonylation in ischemic mouse heart mitochondria, and develop a quantitative method for detecting carbonylated protein in this system. The research is based on liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS), Western Blots, and enzymatic assay.

Rights

© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

May 2012

Included in

Chemistry Commons

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