Defense Date

2014

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science

Department

Dentistry

First Advisor

Eser Tufekci

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the fluoride recharging capability of Opal Seal, a fluoride releasing orthodontic primer, as compared to Transbond XT, the control. Material and Methods: 1mm x 5mm disks of Opal Seal and Transbond were prepared according to the respective manufacturer’s instructions. Initially, the samples were stored in deionized water (DI) for 8 weeks. The samples were then randomly divided into one of two groups: Over-the-counter (OTC) fluoride mouthwash and prescription strength (PS) fluoride mouthwash. The OTC group samples were immersed in 5mL of 0.0219% sodium fluoride containing mouthwash for one minute every day for seven days. The PS group samples were immersed in 5mL of 0.2% sodium fluoride containing mouthwash for one minute. All of the samples were suspended in 5mL fresh DI water and fluoride release measurements were taken at baseline (the end of initial 8 weeks of storage), 24 hours, 3 days, 5 days, 7 days, and 14 days. Results: Opal Seal samples treated with the OTC fluoride mouthwash exhibited significant fluctuation in fluoride ion release across time (p=0.0058). However, there were no statistically significant differences in fluoride ion release between the individual timepoints and baseline. Similarly, Opal Seal samples treated with the PS fluoride mouthwash exhibited significant variation in the fluoride ion concentration across time (p< 0.001), and a statistically significant increase over baseline was seen at 24 hours only (p= 0.0006). The control group samples treated either with the OTC or PS mouthwash did not exhibit any significant difference in fluoride ion release between any individual timepoint and baseline. Conclusion: For Opal Seal and Transbond XT, there were no statistically significant differences of fluoride concentration at any timepoint compared to baseline measurements when using OTC mouthwash. When using PS mouthwash, there was a small, statistically significant increase of fluoride concentration of the Opal Seal samples after 24 hours but no differences were seen at any other timepoints. Opal Seal did not demonstrate a substantial amount of fluoride recharge when fluoride mouthwash is used as a fluoride delivery vehicle. Future well-designed randomized controlled trials are needed to evaluate the efficacy of Opal Seal primer when coupled with the use of fluoride mouthwashes.

Rights

© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

May 2014

Included in

Dentistry Commons

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