Defense Date

2012

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science

Department

Biology

First Advisor

John Ryan

Abstract

In this study we show, to our knowledge, the first description of the role ADAM10 plays on mast cells. ADAM10 is abundantly expressed on mast cells both in vitro and in vivo. Its expression is inhibited by IL-10, a suppressive cytokine. siRNA depletion of ADAM10 on bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMC) caused decreased IL-6 production following IgE cross-linking and also impaired BMMC stem cell factor (SCF)-induced migration through collagen IV. Mast cells and T helper cells (Th cells) in the peritoneum were reduced in ADAM10 KO mice. In addition, ADAM10 KO BMMC produced significantly less of all cytokines measured following IgE cross-linking, including IL-6, TNF-α, IL-13, and MCP-1, compared to wild type BMMC. Collectively these data show that mast cell ADAM10 can be regulated by a T regulatory cell cytokine, IL-10, and describes key ways in which ADAM10 loss affects prototypical mast cell functions and distribution.

Rights

© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

5-14-2012

Included in

Biology Commons

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