Defense Date

2015

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Dentistry

Department

Dentistry

First Advisor

Thomas C. Waldrop, DDS, MS

Second Advisor

John Gunsolley, DDS, MS

Third Advisor

Robert Sabatini, DDS, MS

Abstract

PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to examine the healing of intact extraction sockets grafted with leukocyte-platelet rich fibrin (L-PRF) as compared to sockets grafted with freeze-dried bone allograft (FDBA) and a resorbable collagen barrier membrane (RCM).

METHODS: This prospective randomized, examiner blinded pilot study included 17 subjects randomized to two treatment groups. Serum total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL), 25-hydroxyvitamin-D3, and platelet counts were determined preoperatively in all subjects. The experimental arm consisted of 8 posterior tooth-bounded intact extraction sites receiving L-PRF plugs. The control group consisted of 9 posterior tooth-bounded intact extraction sites receiving FDBA and RCM. An acrylic stent was fabricated to take duplicate clinical and CBCT measurements immediately post-extraction and at time of implant placement. A repeat-measures analysis of variance was utilized for statistical analysis.

RESULTS: The study failed to detect a clinical or radiographic difference between treatment groups in horizontal or vertical ridge dimension changes. Serum cholesterol, LDL, 25-hydroxyvitamin-D3, and buccal plate thickness had a non-significant effect on outcome measurements, although there was a high prevalence of hyperlidpidemia and hypovitaminosis in the study population.

CONCLUSIONS: The alveolar ridge dimension changes in intact posterior extraction sockets may be similar when either L-PRF or FDBA and RCM are utilized as socket grafting material. Although there was a high prevalence of high cholesterol and low 25-hydroxyvitamin-D3 levels in the population, this study failed to detect a significant correlation between preoperative serum levels and postoperative ridge dimension changes.

Rights

© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

4-30-2015

Available for download on Monday, April 27, 2020

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