Defense Date

2015

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Chemistry

First Advisor

Frank Gupton

Second Advisor

Everett Carpenter

Third Advisor

Scott Gronert

Fourth Advisor

Matthew Hartman

Fifth Advisor

Stephen Fong

Abstract

A direct and highly efficient synthesis has been developed for telmisartan, the active ingredient in the widely prescribed antihypertensive drug Micardis®. This approach brings together two functionalized benzimidazoles using a high-yielding Suzuki reaction that can be catalyzed by a homogeneous palladium source or palladium on a solid support.

The ability to perform the cross-coupling reaction was facilitated by the regio-controlled preparation of a 2-bromo-1-methylbenzimidazole precursor. The method developed is the first reported selective bromination at the 2-position of a benzimidazole and produces the first major precursor in high yield (93%). The second precursor, potassium (4-methyl-2-propylbenzimidazol-6-yl) trifluoroborate, was prepared from commercially available 4-bromo-2-methyl-6-nitroaniline. An optimized preparation is described that provides a direct three-step process to prepare the benzimidazole and install the borate; this synthetic sequence yields the second precursor with a 90% yield and no isolated intermediates.

The two prepared precursors were combined with a third, commercially available methyl-4’-(bromomethyl)-[1,1’-biphenyl]-2-carboxylate, utilizing a short sequence of high yielding reactions to produce the telmisartan with an 83% yield from these advanced intermediates. This new convergent approach provides the active drug ingredient with an overall yield of 74% while circumventing many issues associated with the previously reported processes. Additionally, a flow-based synthesis of telmisartan was achieved with no intermediate purifications or solvent exchanges. The continuous process utilizes a tubular reactor system coupled with a plug flow cartridge, ultimately delivering telmisartan in an 86% isolated yield.

Rights

© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

5-4-2015

Available for download on Saturday, May 02, 2020

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