Defense Date

2015

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science

Department

Biology

First Advisor

Dr. John J. Ryan

Abstract

Dexamethasone has been shown to inhibit IgE-mediated mast cell activation, and the present research investigated its role in suppressing IL-33-mediated mast cell activation. We have found that micromolar concentrations of Dexamethasone are capable of suppressing IL-33-mediated mast cell cytokine production, on several genetic backgrounds, and in not only bone marrow derived mast cells, but also peritoneal mast cells. Intracellular staining demonstrated that Dexamethasone significantly reduces expression of the IL-33 receptor, T1/ST2, in mast cells; however, the cytokine suppression is independent of T1/ST2 downregulation. At the same time, Dexamethasone pretreatment significantly reduced ERK phosphorylation, but our data suggests that inhibition occurs even prior to ERK blockade. Finally, Dexamethasone treatment in vivo reduced IL-33-mediated cytokine production and neutrophil infiltration in the murine peritoneum. Thus, Dexamethasone, a well-established therapy for inflammatory disease, can suppress IL-33-mediated mast cell activation, and may therefore be effective for treating diseases now being attributed to IL-33 effects.

Rights

© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

5-6-2015

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