Defense Date

2012

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science

Department

Pharmaceutical Sciences

First Advisor

Keith Ellis

Abstract

Pyranonaphthoquinone lactones have been recently found to be selective inhibitors of the serine-threonine kinase AKT/PKB. AKT/PKB plays a major role in tumorigenesis, hence these compounds have a great potential to act as anti-cancer agents. They act by a novel bioreductive alkylation mechanism of inhibition of AKT/PKB. In this work, 7-deoxykalafungin, a pyranonaphthoquinone lactone and its deconstruction analogs were synthesized. The structural features of the compounds necessary to inhibit AKT1 potently and selectively were determined. It was observed that compounds with a pyran ring were more potent in inhibiting AKT1. Conversely, flexible compounds were found to be weak inhibitors of AKT1. Also, presence of a lactone ring was found to be favorable in inhibiting AKT1. Of the compounds tested, 7-deoxykalafungin was the most potent inhibitor of AKT1 (IC50 = 0.28 µM against AKT1) and compound 4-61 was the most potent inhibitor of PKA (IC50 = 0.43 µM against PKA).

Rights

© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

August 2012

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