Defense Date

2016

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Human Genetics

First Advisor

Michael Miles

Second Advisor

Kellie Archer

Third Advisor

Imad Damaj

Fourth Advisor

Andrew Davies

Fifth Advisor

Michael Grotewiel

Abstract

Increased alcohol consumption over time is one of the characteristic symptoms of Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD). The molecular mechanisms underlying this escalation in intake is still the subject of study. However, the mesocortical and mesolimbic dopamine pathways, and the extended amygdala, because of their involvement in reward and reinforcement are believed to play key roles in these behavioral changes. Multiple gene expression studies have shown that alcohol affects the expression of thousands of genes in the brain. The studies discussed in this document use the systems biology technique of co-expression network analysis to attempt to find

patterns within genome-wide expression data from two animal models of chronic, high-dose ethanol exposure. These analyses have identified time-dependent and brain-regions specific patterns of expression in C57Bl/6J mice after multiple exposures to intoxicating doses of ethanol and withdrawal. Specifically, they have identified the PFC and HPC as showing long-term ethanol regulation, and identified Let-7 family miRNAs as potential gene expression regulators of chronic ethanol response. Network analysis also indicates neurotransmitter release and neuroimmune response are very correlated to ethanol intake in chronically exposed mice. Examining gene expression response to chronic ethanol exposure across a variable genetic background revealed that, although gene expression response may show conserved patterns, underlying differences in gene expression influence by genetic background may be what truly underlies voluntary ethanol consumption. Finally, combined network analysis of gene expression in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of mice and macaques following prolonged ethanol exposure demonstrated that neurotransmission, myelination, transcription, cellular respiration, and, possibly, neurovasculature are affected by chronic ethanol across species. Taken together, these studies generate several new hypothesis and areas of future research into the continued study of druggable targets for AUD.

Rights

© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

12-6-2016

Available for download on Wednesday, December 06, 2017

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