Doctor of Philosophy
Shiv N. Khanna
Title of dissertation: GROWTH OF Zn POLAR BeMgZnO/ZnO HETEROSTRUCTURE WITH TWO DIMENSIONAL ELECTRON GAS (2DEG) AND FABRICATION OF SILVER SCHOTTKY DIODE ON BeMgZnO/ZnO HETEROSTRUCTURE
By Md Barkat Ullah, Ph.D
A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Electrical and Computer Engineering at Virginia Commonwealth University.
Virginia Commonwealth University,2017
Major Director: Dr. Hadis Morkoç, Professor, Electrical and Computer Engineering
This thesis focuses on growth of Zn polar BeMgZnO/ZnO heterostructure on GaN/sapphire template with two dimensional electron gas (2DEG) for the application of UV photodetector/emitter and high speed electronics. The motivation of using BeMgZnO as a barrier layer originates from the need to reach plasmon-LO phonon resonance in order to obtain minimum longitudinal optical (LO) phonon lifetime.
Presence of 2DEG was realized in BeMgZnO/ZnO heterostructure only when the Zn polarity was achieved during the nucleation growth of ZnO on GaN/sapphire template. It was found that, polarity of ZnO on (0001) GaN/sapphire template can be controlled by the oxygen to Zn ratio used during the nucleation growth.
To obtain high structural and optical quality of BeMgZnO quaternary alloy, growth kinetics of BeMgZnO layer has been studied at the temperature range from 450°C-500°C. We have achieved the growth of single crystal Be.03Mg00.15ZnO alloy at 500 °C, more than 100°C higher compared to what reported in literature, on the (0001) GaN/sapphire template through the control of Zn/(Be+Mg) flux ratio. We have also observed a thermodynamic limitation of Mg incorporation into the wurtzite BeMgZnO alloy where the excess Mg adatom accumulated in the growing surface as a MgO rich cluster.
Two dimensional electron gas with high (1.2×1013cm-2) sheet carrier density was achieved at the Be0.03Mg0.41ZnO/ZnO interface through strain engineering by incorporating Be into MgZnO ternary alloy. To obtain the similar sheet carrier density it would require above 60% of Mg in MgZnO/ZnO heterostructure with reduced structural quality. A systematic comparison of sheet carrier density has been made with the already reported results from Zn polar MgZnO/ZnO heterostructure as well as with the theoretical calculation.
Silver Schottky diode on Be0.02Mg0.26ZnO/ZnO heterostructure with barrier height 1.07 eV and ideality factor 1.22 was obtained with 8 order of rectification ratio. The temperature-dependent electrical characteristics were studied by using temperature dependent current-voltage (I-V) measurements. Richardson constant value of 34.8 Acm-2K-2 was found experimentally which was close to the theoretical value of 36 Acm-2K-2 known for Be0.02Mg0.26ZnO alloy.
© Md Barkat Ullah
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