Defense Date

2014

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Integrative Life Sciences

First Advisor

Raj Rao

Abstract

Optimizing culture conditions that reduce genomic instability in human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) is an unmet challenge in the field. Results from our lab and numerous research groups demonstrate that hPSCs are prone to genomic aberrations and single-cell passaging increases the rate of genomic alterations. However, single-cell based passaging maintains advantages for scale-up and standardizing differentiation protocols. In this study, we investigated the problem of genomic instability in hPSC cultures with the goal towards identifying and characterizing candidate genes that could contribute to generation and survival of abnormal hPSCs. Based on microarray analysis, we identify ARHGDIA, located on 17q25, as a candidate gene conferring selective advantage to trisomy 17 hPSCs. Using lentiviral approaches to overexpress ARHGDIA in hPSCs, [hPSC (Arg)], we functionally validate that in enzymatically passaged co-cultures, hPSC (Arg) lines exhibit competitive advantage against wild type hPSCs, [hPSC (WT)]. Additionally, hPSC (Arg) lines exhibit increased single-cell survival at low density plating. In co-cultures with hPSC (WT), ROCKi exposure attenuated the competitive advantage of hPSC (Arg) subpopulations. For the first time, this work demonstrates that increased expression of a gene on 17q25 confers selective advantage to hPSCs. In parallel studies, using medium devoid of bFGF containing LIF plus two inhibitors, MEK inhibitor (PD0325901) and p38 inhibitor (SB203580), we demonstrate that hPSCs are LIF responsive and can be stably maintained in naive pluripotent culture conditions. Based on their clonal viability, we propose that naive hPSCs are a more genetically stable population than primed hPSCs, when passaged as single- cells. These studies will aid the long-term goal of hPSC scale-up while promoting stable propagation of genomically normal hPSCs.

Rights

© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

May 2014

Available for download on Thursday, May 16, 2019

Included in

Life Sciences Commons

Share

COinS