Defense Date

2006

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Health Related Sciences

First Advisor

Dr. Dolores G. Clement

Abstract

The Anderson and Aday access framework (1974) is utilized to investigate the association of individual and community level, predisposing, socio-demographic, and enabling factors, on potential and realized access to coronary heart disease (CHD) preventive care. The cross-sectional study is based on a sample of adults age 18-85 from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) who were identified with CHD risk or who had a CHD diagnosis.Variables from the MEPS and the Area Resource File (ARF) are used to test logistic regression models for dependent variables measuring primary and secondary CHD preventive care services. The primary preventive care measures include blood cholesterol testing, blood pressure checks, and, diet, exercise and smoking cessation counseling. The secondary preventive measures include beta-blocker reciept after myocardial infarction (MI) and statin drug use for the treatment of high blood cholesterol.Being uninsured is associated with a reduced likelihood of receiving primary CHD preventive care. Overall study results indicated gender and race are more consistent predictors of the receipt of CHD preventive care services than individual enabling or community characteristics. Women had a greater likelihood of receiving primaryCHD preventive care services than men. Hispanics are less likely than Caucasians to receive primary CHD preventive care services, except for blood cholesterol testing for which they are more likely to receive. Blacks are more likely than Caucasians to have blood cholesterol testing, but are no less likely to receive the other primary CHD preventive care measures. Blacks demonstrate a lower likelihood of receiving secondary CHD preventive care than Caucasians, specifically beta-blocker post myocardial infarction indicating that disparities in secondary CHD preventive care persist for segments of the study population. Persons over 75 years of age are less likely to receive primary CHD preventive care services as well as the secondary preventive measure ofstatin use for high blood cholesterol.Community level factors did not improve the logistic regression model for the receipt of CHD preventive care, yet, when predicting potential access for preventive services, persons from a higher percent Hispanic or black community were less likely to have a usual source of care.

Rights

© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

6-13-2008

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