Document Type

Article

Original Publication Date

2017

Journal/Book/Conference Title

JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC SURGERY

Volume

52

Issue

7

First Page

1173

Last Page

1176

DOI of Original Publication

10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2017.01.003

Comments

Originally published at http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2017.01.003

Date of Submission

August 2017

Abstract

Introduction

Pediatric injuries are a leading cause of death in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Despite this, there are few formal pediatric-specific trauma educational initiatives available in LMICs. While new educational tools are being developed to address this, they have not been piloted in LMICs. In Jamaica, pediatric injuries are a leading cause of hospital admission but care is limited by a lack of training in triage and stabilization. Our objective was to implement and evaluate a pediatric trauma course in Jamaica to determine the impact this may have on further course development.

Materials and methods

A pediatric trauma course was conducted at the Cornwall Regional Hospital in Montego Bay, Jamaica sponsored by the Children's Medical Services International, a nonprofit organization. Participants took part in six didactic modules, an infant airway intubation skills session, and three clinical simulation scenarios. Participants completed a postcourse survey at the conclusion of the course.

Results

Twenty-five participants including surgical, pediatric, and emergency medicine residents from regional- and district-level hospitals in Jamaica participated in the course. Participants viewed the course favorably. Strengths included good review of pediatric trauma physiology, short modules, hands-on practice, and applicable clinical scenarios. Using a Likert-type rating scale of 1 to 10, with 1 being minimal and 10 being very knowledgeable, precourse knowledge was ranked as 5.9, which increased to 9.2 after the course. Using a similar scale, the precourse comfort level to run a pediatric trauma was 4.9 and increased to 8.5 following the course.

Discussion

Implementation of this pilot pediatric trauma course was feasible and successful through collaboration with the hosting regional hospital. The lack of formal pediatric training can be overcome by a course such as this which includes both didactics and hands-on clinical patient simulations.

Level of Evidence

4.

Rights

(C) 2017 Published by Elsevier Inc.

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VCU Surgery Publications

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