While blood pressure may be decreasing around the world, it has been on the rise in India (Kounteya, 2012). According to the World Health Organization, the average blood pressure went down by 2.7mm Hg among women globally, while increasing by 2.4mm Hg in India. In men, blood pressure decreased by 2.3mm Hg globally in the past three decades but increased by 2.2mm Hg in India (Kounteya, 2012). Almost three-quarters of people with hypertension live in developing countries with limited health resources where there is very low awareness of hypertension, and India is one of these countries. Hypertension is the leading risk factor for cardiovascular disease mortality, causing more than seven million deaths every year worldwide. Hypertension is a chronic condition of concern due to its role in the causation of coronary heart disease, stroke and other vascular complications. It is the most common cardiovascular disorder, posing a major public health challenge to populations in socioeconomic and epidemiological transition. It is one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular mortality, which accounts for 20 – 50% of all deaths (Gupta, 2004). Age, ethnicity, family history, exercise, and diet are some of the most common risk factors for hypertension but more area-specific factors must be examined in developing countries such as India.
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