Document Type


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Journal/Book/Conference Title

The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America





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The following article appeared in J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 122, 2881 (2007) and may be found at

The species’ scientific name has changed to Padogobius bonelli.

Date of Submission

May 2015


The most sensitive hearing and peak frequencies of courtship calls of the stream goby, Padogobius martensii, fall within a quiet window at around 100Hz in the ambient noise spectrum. Acoustic pressure was previously measured although Padogobius likely responds to particle motion. In this study a combination pressure (p) and particle velocity (u) detector was utilized to describe ambient noise of the habitat, the characteristics of the goby’s sounds and their attenuation with distance. The ambient noise (AN) spectrum is generally similar for p and u (including the quiet window at noisy locations), although the energy distribution of uspectrum is shifted up by 50–100Hz. The energy distribution of the goby’s sounds is similar for p and uspectra of the Tonal sound, whereas the pulse-train sound exhibits larger p–u differences. Transmission loss was high for sound p and u: energy decays 6–10dB∕10cm, and sound p∕u ratio does not change with distance from the source in the nearfield. The measurement of particle velocity of stream AN and P. martensiisounds indicates that this species is well adapted to communicate acoustically in a complex noisy shallow-water environment.


Copyright (2007) Acoustical Society of America. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the Acoustical Society of America. The following article appeared in J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 122, 2881 (2007) and may be found at

Is Part Of

VCU Biology Publications