Document Type


Original Publication Date


Journal/Book/Conference Title

International Journal of Electrochemistry




Article ID 971736, 9 pages

DOI of Original Publication



Originally published at

Date of Submission

August 2014


Ordered arrays of hemispherical nanowells were formed in a sol-gel-derived silica film on a gold electrode using 500 nm diameter polystyrene latex spheres as templates. The conductive domain located at the bottom of each nanowell upon template removal was enlarged via electroless deposition from a gold plating solution. The structured electrodes thus formed were characterized using scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. Depending on the method used to make the films, the extent of the long-range packing and the size of the conductive domain changed. Electroless deposition in the nanowells produced (near) sphere-like nanostructures of gold, the size of which depended on the incubation time in the plating solution and the size of the conductive domain. Longer exposure times yielded nanostructures that filled the nanowell, whereas smaller exposure time yielded much smaller structures. Significantly larger, rougher deposits were formed in nanowells with large conductive domains. The electrochemical response observed at these electrodes was strongly dependent on the extent of long-range packing, the presence of defect sites in the film and their relative spacing, and the redox species in solution.


Copyright © 2012 Amy E. Rue and Maryanne M. Collinson. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Is Part Of

VCU Chemistry Publications