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Journal of Applied Physics





DOI of Original Publication



Originally published at

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November 2015


Today many potent anticancer drugs like cisplatin are available which carry a number of side effects. A promising way of reducing the side effects is to target the drug to tissue sites by coating it with biocompatible materials like Poly (dl-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) polymer where controlled drug release is achieved during the biodegradation of the polymer. Also the efficacy of anticancer drugs like cisplatin increases at elevated temperatures, so if local heating can be achieved where the drug is targeted. Local heating can be achieved by introducing iron core nanoparticles in the composites along with the drug, which can be heated by the 2.4 GHz microwaves. Local heating of the nanocomposites also helps to swell the polymer shell and enhance the drug release. The magnetic nanocomposites were synthesized using ironnanoparticles, PLGA and a fluorescent dye, tris-(2,2′bipyridyl) dichlororuthenium (II) using an oil-in-emulsion technique. The emulsion contains PLGA, dye, and ironnanoparticles dissolved in the oil phase and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) as a stabilizer. As the sample is homogenized, and dried, uniform 100 nm composites are formed where the dye and ironnanoparticles are encapsulated in a PLGA shell. Control of the thickness and loading efficiency of the nanocomposite can be controlled by varying the ratio of PLGA, iron, and dye. The amount of loading was determined using TGA confirming from 20–50% (w/w) loading. As the dye is released from the composite the fluorescence intensity decreases due to self-quenching. This self-quenching allows for the determination of the release kinetics as a function of temperature using fluorescence spectroscopy. Initial results suggest that there is a release of 5–10% of the dye from the composite at 25°C and complete release after the nanocomposite reaches 90°C. Using local microwave heating the complete release of the dye can be accomplished with three two second pulses of 2.4 GHz microwaves. This allows for the complete drug delivery platform which allows for the controlled release using microwave frequency.


Naik, S., and Carpenter, E. E. Poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) microcomposite containing magnetic iron core nanoparticles as a drug carrier. Journal of Applied Physics, 103, 07A313 (2008). Copyright © 2008 American Institute of Physics.

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