Original Publication Date
Physical Review B
DOI of Original Publication
Date of Submission
A transfer matrix technique is used to model phase-coherent spin transport in the weakly disordered quasi-one-dimensional channel of a gate-controlled electron spin interferometer [S. Datta and B. Das, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 665 (1990)]. The model includes the effects of an axial magnetic field in the channel of the interferometer (caused by the ferromagnetic contacts), a Rashba spin-orbit interaction, and elastic (nonmagnetic) impurity scattering. We show that in the presence of an axial magnetic field, nonmagnetic impurities can cause spin relaxation in a manner similar to the Elliott-Yafet mechanism. The amplitudes and phases of the conductance oscillations of the interferometer and the degree of spin-conductance polarization are found to be quite sensitive to the height of the interface barrier at the contact, as well as the strength, locations, and nature (attractive or repulsive) of just a few elastic nonmagnetic impurities in the channel. This can seriously hinder practical applications of spin interferometers.
Cahay, M. and Bandyopadhyay, S. Phase-coherent quantum mechanical spin transport in a weakly disordered quasi-one-dimensional channel. Physical Review B, 69, 045303 (2004). Copyright © 2004 American Physical Society.
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VCU Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications