Document Type


Original Publication Date


Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of Applied Physics





DOI of Original Publication



Originally published at

Date of Submission

October 2015


Tunable dielectric properties of epitaxial ferroelectric Ba0.5Sr0.5TiO3 (BST) thin films deposited on nearly lattice-matched DyScO3 substrates by radio frequency magnetron sputtering have been investigated at microwave frequencies and correlated with residual compressive strain. To reduce the residual strain of the BST films caused by substrate clamping and improve their microwave properties, a three-step deposition method was devised and employed. A high-temperature deposition at 1068 K of the nucleation layer was followed by a relatively low-temperature deposition (varied in the range of 673–873 K) of the BST interlayer and a high-temperature deposition at 1068 K of the top layer. Upon post-growth thermal treatment at 1298 K the films grown by the three-step method with the optimized interlayer deposition temperature of 873 K exhibited lower compressive strain compared to the control layer (−0.002 vs. −0.006). At 10 GHz, a high dielectric tunability of 47.9% at an applied electric field of 60 kV/cm was achieved for the optimized films. A large differential phase shift of 145°/cm and a figure of merit of 23°/dB were obtained using a simple coplanar waveguide phase shifter at 10 GHz. The low residual strain and improved dielectric properties of the films fabricated using the three-step deposition technique were attributed to reduced clamping of the BST films by the nearly lattice-matched substrate.


Liu, H., Avrutin, V., & Zhu, C., et al. Enhanced microwave dielectric tunability of Ba0.5Sr0.5TiO3 thin films grown with reduced strain on DyScO3 substrates by three-step technique. Journal of Applied Physics, 113, 044108 (2013). Copyright © 2013 American Institute of Physics.

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VCU Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications