Document Type


Original Publication Date


Journal/Book/Conference Title

Applied Physics Letters





DOI of Original Publication



Originally published at

Date of Submission

April 2015


Light emitting diodes(LEDs) based on InGaN suffer from efficiency droop at current injection levels as low as 50 A cm−2. We investigated multiple quantum wellInGaNLEDs with varying InGaN barrier thicknesses (3–12 nm) emitting at ∼400–410 nm to investigate the effect of hole mass and also to find out possible solutions to prevent the efficiency droop. In LEDs with electron blocking layers, when we reduced the InGaN barriers from 12 to 3 nm, the current density for the peak or saturation of external quantum efficiency increased from 200 to 1100 A cm−2 under pulsed injection conditions, which eliminates the heating effects to a large extent. Our calculations show that such reduction in the barrier thickness makes the hole distribution more uniform among the wells. These results suggest that the inferior low hole transport through the barriers exacerbated by large hole effective mass and low hole injection due to relatively low hole concentration and the consequent electron leakage are responsible for the efficiency droop at high current injection levels.


Ni, X., Fan, Q., Shimada, R., et al. Reduction of efficiency droop in InGaN light emitting diodes by coupled quantum wells. Applied Physics Letters, 93, 171113 (2009). Copyright © 2009 AIP Publishing LLC.

Is Part Of

VCU Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications