Orginal Publication Date
Ethnic Studies Review
This historically important document is a translation of a humorous comic book published in 1931 based on the experiences of the author, Henry (Yoshitaka) Kiyama, as he immigrated to the United States. Kiyama crossed the ocean from Japan to study art in San Francisco in 1904, at the age of nineteen. Upon his arrival he worked as a house servant during the day and went to school at night. It is not well known here, but until the Second World War a large number of Japanese immigrants came to mainland America with student visas rather than work permits; many of these students became "school-boys" (that is, household help) and did not really go to school (though Kiyama did actually attend art college).
Copyright ©ESR, The National Association for Ethnic Studies, 1998