Orginal Publication Date
Explorations in Sights and Sounds
The heritage of European colonization in the "New World" left a legacy of dualism for the contemporary nation-states of South, Central, and North America, according to Ringer and Lawless. As a major focus of their work, their "duality thesis" contends that European colonists constructed a society modeled in their racial, religious, and national image, resulting in the formation of a lasting colonial plural structure with a permanently established elite. Racial and ethnic groups emerged first as sojourner colonizers and then formalized their relationship with the establishment of colonies and the creation of racially segmented and subjugated societies. Dominant ethnic/racial groups promulgated policies and enacted legal-normative codes and controls that vitally affected the life chances and circumstance of the various ethnic and racial groups already within the territorial boundaries of the society or newly entering groups.
Copyright, ©EES, The National Association for Ethnic Studies, 1992