Orginal Publication Date
Explorations in Sights and Sounds
Described by historians William E. Unrau and H. Craig Miner as "a case study of manipulation and fraud," this book tells the story of the loss of an entire reservation belonging to the Ottawa Indians by a series of events which led eventually to the dissolution of the tribe itself in the 1950s. Several bands of Ottawa Indians living in what is now Michigan and Ohio were deprived of their lands there by a series of treaties forcing land cessions and by allotment of their lands. Three bands of Ottawa Indians were relocated to a reservation in northeastern Kansas in the 1830s ; eventually, all of this land was lost to them and they were forced to move to Oklahoma, where they purchased land. Several decades later, they were forcibly allotted, and by 1927 there were only two of the original Ottawa allottees still in possession of the lands they had acquired by allotment.
Copyright, ©EES, The National Association for Ethnic Studies, 1986