Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science



First Advisor

Rakesh Kukreja


Phosphodiesterase Type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors are cardioprotective against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. However, it remains uncertain if I/R affects PDE5. We hypothesized that generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) during I/R leads to upregulation of PDE5, which contributes to pathological changes following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Adult male ICR mice were subjected to 30 minutes of in vivo or ex vivo I/R. To examine the role of ROS, a subset of hearts were perfused with 100 µM hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Expression and activity of PDE5, pPDE5, and cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG) were measured by Western blots and spectrophotometric assay. The results show that ischemia and I/R significantly increased expression of PDE5. H2O2 had no effect on PDE5 expression and activity but significantly increased PKG activity. We conclude that acute cardiac ischemia or I/R upregulate PDE5 independent of oxidant stress in the heart.


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Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

July 2010