Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science



First Advisor

Dr. Clarissa S. Holmes


Cross-sectional research of youth with type I diabetes has demonstrated that rote and working memory predict blood glucose monitoring (BGM) and carbohydrate consumption, respectively; however, to date, no longitudinal follow-up studies exist. Rote and working memory subtests from well-standardized memory measures, along with a problem-solving and executive functioning measures were administered to 118 youth with type I diabetes, aged 9-16 in two waves of data collection (mean interval = 2.07 years). Diabetes care behaviors were assessed through the 24-hour Diabetes Interview. This study was the first to document longitudinal prediction of BGM by rote memory and fat consumption by working memory. Extant cross-sectional literature was replicated; rote memory was concurrently associated with BGM and working memory with carbohydrate consumption. Memory was a stronger predictor of disease care behavior than disease responsibility or age. Problem solving and executive functioning failed to significantly predict disease care behaviors.


© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

June 2008

Included in

Psychology Commons