Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Health Administration

First Advisor

Dr. Robert E. Hurley


This study examines specific organizational, operational, financial and environmental characteristics to identify factors that are associated with increased likelihood of hospitals' CPOE adoption decision in six rollout regions of the Leapfrog initiatives.Resource dependence theory provides theoretical basis for the study. The study is retrospective observational in design. Individual hospitals are the unit of analysis. The Leapfrog Group's 2002-survey collection serves the primary data source. Univariate statistical methods along with bivariate and ordinal logistic regression models are used to analyze the data. The models provided support for multiple hypotheses for both the adoption and early adoption decisions of study hospitals. The operational characteristics of ownership, in-house physician staff, case mix index and the environmental characteristic of HMO penetration rate had a positive effect on management's adoption decisions. The operational characteristic excess capacity, the organizational characteristic community orientation, the financial characteristic of operating income per admission, and the environmental characteristic of number of HMO contracts had a significant negative effect on CPOE adoption decisions.


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