Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science


Biomedical Engineering

First Advisor

Gary Bowlin


The aim of this study was to investigate macrophage interactions with electrospun scaffolds and quantify the expression of vital angiogenic growth factors in vitro. This study will further help in evaluating the potential of these electrospun constructs as vascular grafts for tissue repair and regeneration in situ. Human peripheral blood macrophages were seeded in serum free media on electrospun (10 mm) discs of polydioxanone (PDO), elastin and PDO:elastin blends (50:50, 70:30 and 90:10). The growth factor secretion was analyzed by ELISA. Macrophages produced high levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and acidic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF). Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-β1) secretion was relatively low and there was negligible production of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). Histology revealed direct correlation between cell infiltration into scaffolds and the PDO concentration. There was greater macrophage infiltration through fibrous networks of the PDO and 90:10 scaffolds. Therefore, it can be anticipated that these scaffolds will support tissue regeneration and angiogenesis.


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Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

December 2008