Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science


Pediatric Dentistry

First Advisor

John Haffner


Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the pain response experienced by children undergoing simple tooth extractions using 2% Lidocaine injection versus Oraqix topical anesthetic gel. Methods: This study is being conducted at VCU pediatric dentistry clinic. The sample size will consist of 15 children ages 7-12 undergoing a simple extraction procedure. Each participant is randomly assigned to one of two groups, the lidocaine injection group or the Oraqix topical group. The pain level will be measured at four key events during the procedure. The first event will evaluate the pain at baseline. The second event will measure pain during the anesthetic injection or Oraqix topical gel application. The third event will record the response after the tooth has been extracted and the final event will evaluate pain five minutes post operatively. The children are asked to rate their pain using the Facial Pain Scale after all four events. The dentist and an independent observer watching a video of the extraction will also examine and rate the pain responses of each child at each of the four events. Results: The first two participants received lidocaine injection and experienced some pain upon injection. This pain was supported by what the dentist rated as well. One child felt pain on extraction and the other felt nothing. The dentist rated both children as feeling pain. The Oraqix child felt nothing upon application but felt pain during the extraction and post-operatively. The dentist rated the child as feeling nothing during the entire procedure. Conclusions: It appears that the lidocaine injection group’s pain rating matches the pain rating given by the dentist. The Oraqix patient experienced no pain upon application, but did feel pain upon extraction and five minutes post-op. The dentist’s rating contradicted this by rating the child as feeling no pain through the entire procedure. This study is limited by the number of participants and needs more patients to further evaluate other children’s pain responses.


© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

May 2009