Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science



First Advisor

Harry Bear


Successful adoptive immunotherapy (AIT) for cancer relies on the infusion of in vitro expanded, tumor-reactive lymphocytes with a goal of generating productive tumor immunity. Previously, our lab has developed a protocol to activate selectively tumor-reactive T lymphocytes in vitro using two pharmacologic agents, bryostatin-1 and ionomycin. Following the pharmacological stimulation, conventionally, IL-2 is added to stimulate in vitro proliferation. In this report, alternate cytokines from the common cytokine receptor γ-chain family, namely IL-7 and IL-15, were explored as the alternative cytokine supplements. We found that tumor DLN cells activated in vitro with B/I and cultured in IL-7/15 alternate common γ-chain cytokines expanded better than IL-2 cultured cells. Furthermore, immunosuppressive myeloid-derived suppressor cells from the tumor microenvironment were targeted with a chemotherapeutic agent, gemcitabine. Despite combining gemcitabine and the T lymphocytes expanded in IL-7/15, AIT failed to induce regression of large established 4T1 mammary flank tumors.


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Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

August 2009

Included in

Physiology Commons