Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Electrical Engineering

First Advisor

Hadis Morkoç


Ferroelectric materials have been extensively studied theoretically and experimentally for many decades. Their ferroelectric, piezoelectric, pyroelectric, dielectric and electro-optical properties offer great promise in various applications such as non-volatile random access memory devices, non linear optics, motion and thermal sensors, and tunable microwave devices. Advanced applications for high dielectric constant insulators and nonvolatile memories in semiconductor industry have led to a meteoric rise of interest in the ferroelectrics recently. As most studied and technically important ferroelectric materials, lead zirconate titanate (PZT) and barium strontium titanate (BST) are widely investigated to understand their properties for potential device applications. Using radio frequency magnetron sputtering, single crystalline PZT and BST thin films have been achieved on SrTiO3 substrates, and been characterized for their structural and electrical properties. Eyeing their different potential applications, ferroelectric, pyroelectric and dielectric properties of PZT and BST thin films were studied. In addition, the introduction of bridge layers (nucleation or buffer layers) grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) has been employed to facilitate the heterostructure growth of PZT thin films on GaN and BST thin films on sapphire substrates. Highly (111)-oriented perovskite PZT thin films were achieved on silicon-doped GaN (0001)/c-sapphire with a PbTiO3/PbO oxide bridge layer. And (001)-oriented BST thin films were grown on a-plane sapphire with an MgO/ZnO bridge layer. This dissertation also discusses the realization of PZT ferroelectric field effect transistors (FeFET). Two different 1T FeFET structures were successfully fabricated and their electrical properties were examined. Ferroelectric behavior was observed in the plot of source-drain current versus gate voltage where it exhibited a large counterclockwise hysteresis with 50% current modulation.


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Date of Submission

September 2009