Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Social Work

First Advisor

F. Ellen Netting


The purpose of the current study was to examine how job resources, job demands, personal resource, personal demands, and demographic characteristics predict job satisfaction and job search behavior of certified nursing assistants (CNAs) working in nursing homes. The study used data from the 2004 National Nursing Assistant Survey (NNAS). The job demands-resources (JD-R) model (Demerouti, Bakker, Nachreiner, & Schaufeli, 2001) provided the basis for the conceptual framework of the study. First, a series of multinomial logistic regression analyses were performed to determine how the five categories of predictor variables predicted the levels of job satisfaction among CNAs. Next, a series of binary logistic regressions was used to assess the effects of the predictor variables on job search behavior. Lastly, binary logistic regression was used to examine the effect of job satisfaction on job search behavior, controlling for other predictor variables. Findings indicated that job resource variables related to positive administrative climate, opportunity for self-advancement, supportive supervisory practices, peer support, and positive interactions with residents predicted job satisfaction. Among job demand variables, lack of perceived respect and physical demands significantly and negatively predicted job satisfaction. In the job search behavior model, CNAs who reported respectful administrative climate, opportunity for self-advancement, and supervisor quality were less likely to search for a new job. Among job demand variables, perceived lack of respect/appreciation for work, perceived racial/ethnic discrimination, and problems with scheduling predicted job search behavior. When the job satisfaction variable was entered into the final job search behavior model, two variables became insignificant: supervisor quality and perceived lack of respect/appreciation for work. In the final model, job satisfaction had the strongest explanatory power of job search behavior. The findings of this study did not support the role of personal resources and demands in determining job attitudes and behavior of CNAs working in nursing homes. Research, education, policy, and practice implications are addressed.


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Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

May 2010

Included in

Social Work Commons