Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Public Health


Epidemiology & Community Health

First Advisor

John McGurl


In the past twenty years a global trend has emerged illustrating increasing rates of violence against women, with HIV rates among this population also steadily on the rise. Despite the burden of the problem, there is scant corpus of literature exploring the influence of domestic violence on HIV. Therefore, this study examined the association between domestic violence and women’s decision to consent to HIV testing, and their HIV status. Using the 2007 Zambia Demographic and Health Survey, it was found that Zambian women who have experienced domestic violence are 13% more likely to consent to an HIV test. After adjusting for residence as a confounder, women who had experienced domestic violence were 11% more likely to test positive for HIV. Studies similar to this one could provide the basis for future policy and program planning that would have significant implications on violence against women in HIV prevalent populations.


© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

May 2010

Included in

Epidemiology Commons