Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Educational Studies

First Advisor

Whitney Sherman


DIFFERENTIATING READING INSTRUCTION FOR SPECIAL EDUCATION STUDENTS IN AN INCLUSIVE MIDDLE SCHOOL: COMPARING TEACHER KNOWLEDGE AND APPLICATION This qualitative case study uses observations and interviews to examine the practice of differentiation by twelve collaborative middle school reading teachers in a school that has shown a decrease in the achievement gap for students with disabilities on end of year tests on state standards. Observations and interviews were analyzed to determine the teachers’ knowledge and application of differentiated instruction. The results showed that four of the six teams possessed a comprehensive knowledge of the practice of differentiation and the data available to assist in planning lessons. Some differentiation was observed in each of the six classrooms.


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Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

May 2010

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