Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science


Biomedical Engineering

First Advisor

Gary Bowlin


This study focused on the comparison of the electrospun silk scaffolds to the electrospun silk fibroin gel scaffolds. Moreover, this study examined the differences in cross-linking effects of genipin and methanol as well as solvents on the mechanical properties and cell compatibility of the scaffolds. Silk scaffolds were electrospun from an aqueous solution or 1,1,1,3,3-hexafluoro-2-propanol (HFIP) without genipin, immediately after 8 % (wt) genipin was added to the solution, and 18 hours after genipin blended with the solution. Uniaxial tensile testing determined that the silk scaffolds electrospun from water exhibit a higher modulus and peak stress than that of the silk scaffolds electrospun from HFIP. In vitro cell culture was conducted to determine the cell compatibility of the various silk fibroin-based scaffolds. 4'-6-Diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) staining and histology suggest that genipin may enhance cell compatibility, and that neither ethanol nor methanol inhibit cell interactions.


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Is Part Of

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Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

August 2011