Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Business Administration

First Advisor

Benson Wier


The budgeting process plays an important role in organizations’ planning and controlling functions. Managers often have incentives to misreport their private information and inaccurately set budget targets so that they are easily achievable. Such inaccuracy in budget targets is referred to as budgetary slack. Prior research documents that managers’ decisions to create budgetary slack are influenced by both preferences for wealth and non-pecuniary motivations. The objective of this study is to provide a better understanding of how social preferences such as preferences for horizontal equity, self efficacy perceptions, and ethical position influence managers’ budgetary slack creation. The results reveal a significant interaction between horizontal equity (equal and unequal compensation relative to a peer) and self efficacy (poor and good prior performance) on the intention to create budgetary slack. Further, this research provides evidence regarding the impact of ethical position in the relations among perceived fairness, self efficacy, and budgetary slack creation.


© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

July 2013