Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science



First Advisor

Tegwyn Brickhouse


Purpose: This is a pilot study to determine if there is a relationship between vitamin D deficiency and the development of early childhood caries (ECC). Methods: Serum 25(OH) vitamin D, parathyroid hormone and calcium were measured from children with ECC, who presented for dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia. Samples were obtained from caries free controls examined during a well-child medical check. Parents from both sample sizes filled out a questionnaire consisting of 22 questions regarding the child and parent’s medical and dental history as well as socioeconomic background. Results: ECC patients were found to have deficient serum levels of 25(OH) vitamin D and calcium compared to caries free controls. Conclusions: This study observed a difference in 25(OH) vitamin D levels between the two groups. Due to limited sample size and confounding variables contributing to ECC, a definitive relationship between vitamin D deficiency and ECC cannot be made at this time.


© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

May 2014

Included in

Dentistry Commons