Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science


Health and Movement Sciences

First Advisor

R. Lee Franco


Sympathetic overactivity (SO) is associated with obesity and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. Black adolescents have an increased risk of obesity and CVD later in life, particularly females. PURPOSE: To evaluate differences in SO between black (BOA) and white obese female adolescents (WOA). METHODS: Sixty-one BOA (n=49, 13.7±1.6 yrs, 38.1±6.1 kg/m2) and WOA (n=12, 13.3±2.2 yrs, 34.3±4.9 kg/m2) completed a maximal graded treadmill test after which an exercise recovery index (ERI; heart rate/VO2 plateau) was calculated. RESULTS: The ERI was significantly greater in BOA compared to WOA (29.8 ± 6.4 vs. 24.1 ± 3.1, P = 0.004). Multiple linear regression modeling revealed a significant independent association between ERI and VO2FFM (r = -0.310, P = 0.027) and %FAT (r = 0.326, P = 0.020) in BOA only. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that BOA females have greater SO than WOA females.


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Date of Submission

May 2012