Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science


Physics and Applied Physics

First Advisor

Dexian Ye


At this study three samples of hematite nanorods were deposited on the silicon substrates with different varieties of glancing angle deposition techniques. One sample (S1) was prepared by using thermal deposition with partially ionized beam (PIB) and substrate rotation. The second sample (S2) was synthesized by using thermal deposition with PIB and no substrate rotation. The third sample (S3) was obtained by using E-beam deposition, PIB and rotating substrate. In addition, one sample of magnetite nanorods (S4) has been prepared in order to compare the magnetic properties of the two different iron oxides. S4 was prepared by using thermal deposition and fixed glancing angle deposition, but no PIB was applied. The hysteresis loop has been studied for all samples and the temperature dependent magnetic properties of one of the hematite samples and the magnetite been studied, too. The studies of the magnetic hysteresis for S1, S2, S3 and S4 showed that all of the samples have hysteresis loops but with dissimilar values of the saturation magnetization Ms, remanence MR, and coercivity HC. Furthermore, the hysteresis loops of all four samples showed different behaviors as the nanorods of the samples change the orientation with respect to the magnetic field. In addition to that fact, the hysteresis loop demonstrated that samples that have similar morphology have like behavior of the hysteresis loop. Also, it has found that S2 has the largest hysteresis loop of all hematite samples and it has large hysteresis loop in the perpendicular and parallel directions with the field as well. However, the magnetite hysteresis loops are significant larger than the ones of the hematite. Likewise, the studies of the temperature dependence magnetic properties of S2 and S4 showed that the ZFC and FC M-T curves of S1and S4 behaved differently when the direction of the nanorods changed from perpendicular to parallel with the field. In addition, the ZFC and FC M-T curves of hematite were different than the ZFC and FC M-T curves of magnetite.


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