Master of Science in Dentistry
Dr. Steven J Lindauer
Dr. Bhavna Shroff
Dr. Alvin Best
CROWN SIZE COMPARISONS IN PATIENTS WITH PALATALLY DISPLACED CANINES
By Joseph L. Eliason, D.D.S.
A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Dentistry at Virginia Commonwealth University.
Virginia Commonwealth University, 2015
Thesis Director: Steven J. Lindauer, D.M.D., M.Dent.Sc.
Professor and Chair, Department of Orthodontics
There has been significant debate over the past decades regarding the etiology of palatally displaced canines. Theorized risk factors include agenesis or malformation of the lateral incisors, incisor retroclination, transverse deficiency, or genetic predisposition. The purpose of this study is to compare the linear and volumetric measurements of canines and lateral incisors to determine how tooth size relates to canine impaction. Cone-beam CT images for 40 patients with unilateral palatally displaced canines were utilized to measure the linear dimensions and total crown volume of canines and lateral incisors and to compare those teeth on the impaction side with their isomers on the non-impaction side. Results showed that unilateral palatally impacted maxillary canine crowns were slightly, but statistically significantly wider and larger in volume than their non-impacted isomers. Lateral incisor crowns adjacent to impacted canines were significantly shorter than those adjacent to non-impacted canines.
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Date of Submission